High Step Down Multiple Output Converter With Input
In this letter, a quasi two-stage architecture is proposed for wide input voltage range (voltage ranges ≈ 1:2) and high step-down multiple output conversion. A dc-DCX, which operates as a dc-dc converter with regulated output when the input voltage is low and as a dc-dc transformer with unregulated output when the input voltage is high, is adopted in the first stage to provide optimized intermediate dc-bus voltages for the second-stage point-of-load converters. The input and output of the dc-DCX are in series and connected to the total input voltage. Hence, part of the input power is directly transferred to the intermediate bus without conversion.
The devices’ voltage stresses and the transformer turns ratio of the dc-DCX are reduced by using the proposed quasi two-stage architecture. Thus, the conversion efficiency is improved significantly. Furthermore, a dual-output LLC resonant converter with hybrid center-tapped and full-bridge rectifier is proposed for the dc-DCX to achieve high efficiency and high power density. A 100-W prototype with three outputs is built and tested to verify the analysis.
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