Anomaly Detection HighOrder 2D Crossing Filter
Anomaly detection has been an important topic in hyperspectral imageanalysis. This technique is sometimes more preferable than the supervised target detection because it requires no a priori information for the interested materials. Many efforts have been made in this topic; however, they usually suffer from excessive time cost and a high false-positive rate. There are two major problems that lead to such a predicament. First, the construction of the background model and affinity estimation are often overcomplicated. Second, most of these methods have to impose a stringent assumption on the spectrum distribution of background; however, these assumptions cannot hold for all practical situations.
Based on this consideration, this paper proposes a novel method allowing for fast yet accurate pixel-level hyperspectral anomaly detection. We claim the following main contributions: construct a high-order 2-D crossing approach to find the regions of rapid change in the spectrum, which runs without any a priori assumption; and design a low-complexity discrimination framework for fast hyperspectral anomaly detection, which can be implemented by a series of filtering operators with linear time cost. Experiments on three different hyperspectral imagescontaining several pixel-level anomalies demonstrate the superiority of the proposed detector compared with the benchmark methods.
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